• Overview

Lake Mburo National Park – Best Uganda Family Safari Destination 2021/2022

Lake Mburo National Park – Best Uganda Family Safari Destination 2021/2022 located just a few Kilometers from Kampala and the closest Uganda national park from the Capital of Uganda, Kampala City.

History about Lake Mburo National Park

This park was initially gazetted in the year 1933 as a controlled hunting area and it was later upgraded into a game reserve in the year 1963.  The Bahima Banyankole residents also continued with grazing their own cattle within the reserve till it was upgraded into a national park status in 1983.

The government of Oboteput up a decision to upgrade the park which was a part that was intended to weaken the Banyankole, who were supporting the anti-Obote rebels.  Since the pastoralists that were evicted were not compensated for the lost grazing land and were not also helped with resettling, many of these remained very hostile to the formation of the park.

The rangeland that is found outside that is a park and was then divided into small ranges as well as subsistence farming plots.

In the year 1985, which was the second regime of Obote fell and the past residents of Lake Mburo also reoccurred in the parkland and expelled the Lake Mburo National Park stuff, as they destroyed the infrastructures as well as the wildlife. More so, less than half of the parkland was re gazetted by the NRM government in 1986.

 

About the Climate & Geography of Lake Mburo National Park

The pre-Cambrian rocks also trigger Lake Mburo National Park Area, with the rocks that comprise a mixture of Cenozoic Pleistocene to the recent rocks, solely granitized –granitoid as well as the highly granitized rocks plus the Karagwe Ankolean system.

The argillite rocks also dominate more arenites as well as the silty rocks that are usually distributed as a thin band throughout the whole area. This area is also dominated by the erratic soils that are so sandy loam as well as sandy clay loam.

Lake Mburo’s wetland system is a huge socio-economic value and it’s a source of water for domestic usage, wildlife, and livestock.  This system is also a source of the pasture or the local herds in the drought period, a source of fish as well as materials off crats and the thatching. The location of the park is near Masaka- Mbarara highway that makes it so easily reachable from Kampala.

Lake Mburo national park has got a tropical climate and is situated in the Ankole southern climatic zone. The lake also lies within the rain shadow area that is between Lake Victoria and the Rwenzori Mountains. Lake Mburo National Park has got two seasons including the dry and wet seasons that receive the bi-modal low rainfall that ranges between 500 and 1000mm.

The rainfall also tends to be so erratic as well as unreliable, that causes the low pastures which affects the wildlife behaviors that includes the birds and creates the demand on the park by the known local pastoralists.

The temperatures here also range between 23-25 degrees and evapotranspiration of the areas in the northwest, north, and in the northeast to the east that ranges from 450 to 1600mm. Also, the areas in the south and in the southwest of Lake Mburo National Park always experience lower evapotranspiration that ranges between 1300 to 1450mm.

About the Biodiversity

The lake is also home to over 350 bird species including; the zebras, eland, impalas, oribi, buffalos, waterbuck, hippos, leopard, reedbuck as well as hyenas. With over 13 lakes in the area, this lake also forms part of the 50km long wetland system that is linked by the swamp. It’s known that five of these lakes lie in the park’s border.

It was once covered with an open savannah and it contains woodland since there are no elephants to tame the unique vegetation. Within the western part of Lake Mburo National Park the park, the savannah is also spread with the rocky ridges as well as the forested gorges as the patches of papyrus as well as narrow bands of the lush riparian woodland line in many lakes.

The park also supports the many endangered species of the birds including the endangered cichlid fish species which have reduced within the main lake and is the only area where you can find the impalas.

Lake Mburo National Park gives refugee to over 22 species of Palaearctic as well as the afro tropical migrant birds in the adverse conditions in the wooded savannah with the acacia thicket and the grasslands.

The flora is also acacia hockey that is one of the main tree species. There are also five species of wetland plants that belong to 5 genera that have been recorded in the Lake Mburo area.