South Sudan is one of Africa’s developing countries with a population base of 10 million.
South Sudan is a country with a very low population density, with 17 people per square km and it was in position 32th in our ranking of density population in 2012.
It is projected that by the year 2050 South Sudan’s population will have grown to 35 million people
South Sudan has one capital city being Juba City and over 28 small to medium size towns.
The capital Juba City is under the administration of Juba City Counciland towns are administered by local government and the relevant town council authorities.
Archaeological evidence shows that a culture based upon cattle raising has been present in the area since 3000 BC.
The area of present day Juba had various names in the past and the actual army post or trading post shifted locations many times. In 1862 the army post Faloro, located some where south of present day Nimule, was the southern limits of the Eqyptian army control. Faloro was supplied and controlled from the Garrison at Gondokoro, near present day Juba. In 1863 Gondokoro was on the east bank of the Nile and on the island of Gondokoro, whereas today Juba is on the west bank of the Nile.
In 1874 the newly appointed Governor of Equatoria, Charles Gordon, moved the army garrison to Lado, due to local tribes taking the Gondokoro Garrison’s cattle and the soldier’s bouts of Malaria, however the river port was called Rejaf, which is just south of present day Juba. In 1922 a group of Greek traders actually settled the location of modern Juba.
In the 1930s and 40s Juba was a base for the great flying boats that came down from Europe to Cairo and onward to South Africa. The aircraft would land in the Nile River to re-fuel.
After the peace accords were signed between Northern Sudan and Southern Sudan in 2005, the town started to explode with people coming from all over the world. Merchants from Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Africa, England, France, Greece, USA, China, Korea, U.A.E. all came to Juba to build a new nation and seek their fortunes. Hotels, restaurants, shops sprung up, often over night. Pre-fabricated buildings were shipped north. Water purification plants built. The country was given the international country code for phoning of 211. Airlines added Juba to their routes. Daily tanker trucks come north from Mombasa (a 3000 kilometer trip roundtrip) bringing gasoline and diesel for vehicles and jet fuel for aircraft, to this oil rich nation, without a refinerary. A new airport terminal is under construction.The road to Nimule and the Ugandan border, has been rebuilt and paved.